| a mistake, an imperfection
Since the cloning experiment had many flaws, the scientists could not make a cloned animal that lived."
|freedom of inquiry|
| the right of the public to know
"The public has the freedom of inquiry about how good or bad human cloning will be for everyone over time."
| joined together
"The two cells were fused together and could not be separated afterwards."
| Someone with an exact copy of someone else's genes
"A clone of Junior would be a genetic duplicate of him."
| having the exact same set of genes
"A clone of Dolly the sheep will be genetically identical to her."
|genetically related baby|
| a baby that shares the same genes as its mother and father
The adopted child was not a genetically related baby to its adoptive parents."
|genetically related offspring|
| children with the same genes as their parents
"The brother and sister were genetically related offspring of their mother and father."
| The field of science that looks at how traits are passed down from one generation to another, through the genes.
"Through the study of genetics we can better understand how to identify and cure diseases."
|government advisory board|
| an official group of people who make suggestions to the government about a problem
"The advisory board suggested that the President stop the research on cloning until more information is known."
| very likely to happen
"It is highly probable that Junior's clone will not be exactly like Junior in his personality."
| not able to conceive or have a baby
"The infertile woman wanted to have a clone made of her husband since she could not have her own baby."
|inherit the disorder|
| genetically get a disease or a problem from your mother or father
The parents were happy that their child did not inherit the disorder for diabetes from his mother."
| This is Mrs. Fister's son who was injured in the traffic accident and is in a coma.
"Mrs. Fister is considering cloning Junior".
| Mrs. Fister's actual son who was injured in the accident
"Mrs. Fister tries to decide if she wants to make a clone of Junior I."
| the clone of Junior I
"Junior II would never be exactly the same as Junior I."
| a sterile glass dish used by researchers or scientists in a lab
"The scientist placed drops of the chemicals in the laboratory dish to create a new compound."
|life support machines|
| machines used in a hospital that keep a person alive, such as a respirator
"Mrs. Fister knew that if Junior was taken off the life support machines, there was a good chance that he would die."
| cells that have reached their full growth potential
"In the Dolly experiment, researchers tried hundreds of times to clone a sheep from mature cells, but could only do it once."
| Changes that occur to the order of bases appearing in the DNA inside a cell.
"Genetic mutations are known to cause birth defects."
| a description of information that is important to share with the public
"The discovery of a cure for cancer is newsworthy because it is important information that will help the public."
| feeding, giving proper nutrients
"Without proper nourshment, the child would become weak and die."
| a way to create a new animal by cloning
"Scientists were able to use nuclear transfer to clone the rhesus monkey."
|nuclear transfer technology|
| one way to make clones
"Dolly the sheep was cloned using nuclear transfer technology."
| The central part of a cell where the chromosomes are contained.
Each cell contains one nucleus."
| a female organ of reproduction
"The woman's left ovary produced too few eggs to enable her get pregnant."
| choosing certain characteristics about an animal or person over others
"Girls often choose the preferred traits of being athletic and strong in the boys they date."
| a complicated chain of amino acids necessary in how a cell is structured and functions
"Proteins are the most common organic compound in living cells., and found in all human beings."
| The basic chemicals that make up the structure of cells and direct their activities.
"The wall of the cell is made out of proteins."
| a gene that does not show up when it is paired with a dominant gene
"Fortunately, the child did not inherit Cycle Cell Anemia or diabetes from her mother because they were recessive genes."
| a time when cells are going to have their genetic instructions erased
"Specific genetic instructions in operation on the cells were erased when the cells were in the resting state."
| cells that specifically grow to form skin
"Specialized cells can become hair or skin cells."
| the adaption of a cell for a particular use
"Some cells specialize and become skin cells and some become bone cells."
| the way cells are directed to become specific parts of the body
"The cells specialized into hair cells."
| to cut something
"The scientists were able to splice the cells in the laboratory dish."
|supply and demand|
| the number of products available versus the number of people wanting to buy those things
"Because the supply was less than the demand of the new Nike sneakers, the factories had to make a lot more sneakers."
substitute or standin for someone else
"The surrogate sheep gave birth to Dolly"
| Leader of the Catholic Church
"The Pope lead services in the church"
| Containing genes from another species.
"Scientists are trying to create a transgenic cow that will have better milk to help humans."
| animals that were created by cloning
"Dolly the sheep is a transgenic animal."
| part of an animal that the milk comes out of
"The lamb sucked on the mother sheep's udder to get its milk.
| in its own special way
People noticed the girl for the uniqueness of her singing talent."
©1999-2000 Center for Electronic Studying, University of Oregon.